Friday, 29 January 2016

Realism and practice theory

As a realist who uses the concept of practices (not least in my forthcoming book, Profit and Gift in the Digital Economy), I've occasionally been surprised by hostility to the concept from some other critical realists.Here I'd like to defend the concept, while putting some caveats around how realists should use it.

Let's start with a simple definition of practices: a practice is an tendency for multiple social actors to act in a similar way. Blogging and tweeting, for example, are practices, but there are also a huge number of others. Note the word similar: practices are never executed identically in any two cases. In at least some respects, my blogging is different from anyone else's blogging, and my blogging is different every time I do it. But there are identifiable similarities between different cases of blogging that enable us to call blogging a practice.
Image source: mkhmarketing.wordpress.com